Opening ceremony and most of the program will be held at the
University of Zagreb School of Medicine (Šalata 3, Zagreb)
is the oldest, most respected and largest institution offering medical studies in the Republic of Croatia. The decision on its establishment was adopted by the Croatian parliament in January 1917 ...
is a scientific and educational branch of the ZSM established for the purpose of multidisciplinary scientific research and structuring, execution and promotion of faculty, inter‐faculty and ...
was founded in 1927 and today is a scientific and educa‐ tional branch of the ZSM which organizes, implements and promotes the teaching of undergraduate and graduate university ...
The University of Zagreb School of Medicine (UZSM/ZSM) is the oldest, most respected and largest institution offering medical studies in the Republic of Croatia. The decision on its establishment was adopted by the Croatian parliament in January 1917, which is a precedent in the Croatian higher education and testifies that already back then an awareness of the significance of academic medicine on the national ground existed, not only for the development of the medical profession, but also of the entire society. Classes officially started a year later after the inaugural lecture of Drago Perović About the direction of teaching and research in anatomy in the hall of the University of Zagreb. The first professors were appointed, which was followed by the establishment of the institutes: Department of Anatomy, Morphology‐Biological Institute, Medical‐Chemical Institute, Institute of Physiological, Pathological‐Anatomical Institute, Department of General Experimental Pathology and Pharmacology and Public Health Institute. In the period from 1920 to 1922 most of the clinical departments s were also established. In 1927, the Zagreb School of Medicine had a total of 17 teaching establishments, among which the oldest was the Sisters of Mercy Hospital, and in 1937 that number increased to 19. Most areas of the Faculty were on Šalata, on the area that was intended for the construction of the entire Medical School. In the academic year 1938/39, the total number of stu‐ dents at the Faculty was 921. After the Second World War, there was a need for more doctors, which in the year 1948/49 resulted in a significant increase in the number of students (2855). Since the academic year 1965/66, the practice of limited registration under the terms of an entry exam is established.
The development of medicine and health care in Croatia is inseparable from the University of Zagreb School of Medicine. Among the distinguished members of the Croatian medicine throughout history, and still today, by far the most doctors who have been or are professors come from the Zagreb School of Medicine. For decades, it was the only institution for doctors in our country. In the fifties of the last century, it came to an increase in the need for medical studies in other parts of Croatia, and an initiative for the establishment of the School of Medicine in Rijeka was started at the Zagreb School of Medicine, which started operating in 1955. Medical studies in Split and Osijek, were opened as regional branches of the Zagreb School of Medicine in 1979, they became independent in 1997 (Split) and 1998 (Osijek). The Dental School of Medicine in Zagreb became independent in 1962, and in 1997, the Health Studies were dissociated. Since the beginning of the 90s, the Faculty has undergone significant changes. One of the most significant was the transition from five to six years of study. In the academic year 1990/91, the first generation of students for the teaching program of six years of study was enrolled, the new curriculum was accepted, and subjects were introduced in the sixth year of study that integrate previously acquired knowledge, optional courses throughout the study based on problem solving and innovations in teaching methods and verification of acquired competences. In 2002/03, courses organized in blocks were also implemented in preclinical subjects. As the study of medicine, as well as other studies in biomedicine and health care, is specific to each university as a link between the academic and the professional community, i.e. the science, teaching and practice, any changes in these systems (Ministry of Science, Education and Sports as well as the Ministry of Health) were reflected in the functioning, performance, challenges and problems in the years that followed. It is not just a feature of the University of Zagreb School of Medicine, but also of other medical schools in the Republic of Croatia.
The Croatian Institute for Brain Research is a scientific and educational branch of the ZSM established for the purpose of multidisciplinary scientific research and structuring, execution and promotion of faculty, inter‐faculty and inter‐university teaching in the field of basic and clinical neuroscience. The CIBR was founded in 1991, and the building itself was completed in December 1998, so that today’s laboratories of the CIBR are active since 1999. Over the past decade, the CIBR has been the holder of the largest research programs in Croatia (Neurobiology of Cognitive Development and Cognitive Impairment – a total of 28 projects) and the organizer of the only doctoral studies in the field of neuroscience. The scientists of the CIBR participate in many international studies. Today the CIBR represents a stimulating academic environment for bridging the gap between research and teaching in order to improve the knowledge on the central nervous system and facilitate the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures of patients suffering from the diseases of the central nervous sys‐ tem. Researchers with different fields of expertise cooperate on joint projects. The faculty of the CIBR is employed at different institutes such as neuroscience, anatomy, histology and embryology, pathology, physiology, pharmacology, biology, chemistry and biochemistry, neurology, neurosurgery and psychiatry. Additionally, extramural collaborators are being employed at different institutes of the University of Zagreb, such as: Institute of Physics and Biophysics, Psychology, Linguistics and Phonetics, and Special Education and Rehabilitation, as well as the Ruđer Bošković Institute. The research at the clinical level is being carried out in coordination with the Clinical Hospital Center Zagreb, the largest university hospital in Croatia, as well as with other allied university hospitals. Together with students at the graduate and postdoctor‐ al level, the researchers of the CIBR are active in the following research areas: normal development of the human cortex, developmental brain disorders, signaling mechanisms and molecules in the fetal and adult brain, pathophysiology of the liquor and hydrocephalus, neurodegenerative diseases, schizophrenia, and the role of the stem cells in the brain plasticity and recovery. The research on human cortex development and the Zagreb Neuroembryological Fetal Brain Collection are among the most prominent internationally recognized research areas of the CIBR. The leading Croatian center for research in the field of Neuroimaging (in collaboration with the University Hospital Center Zagreb) is also located in the CIBR, and researchers of the CIBR have a well developed and diversified international cooperation. The CIBR is the seat of the Croatian Society for Neuroscience (since 2001), and therefore, CIBR has been the main organizer of the Brain Awareness Week in Croatia and other forms of publicity of neuroscience last years.
The School of Public Health „Andrija Štampar“ was founded in 1927 and today is a scientific and educational branch of the ZSM which organizes, implements and promotes the teaching of undergraduate and graduate university studies of medicine and nursing and postgraduate studies. The school conducts research and professional work, and various forms of professional and scientific training of employees in science, health and other institutions, primarily in the field of public health. The mission of the Andrija Štampar School of Public Health is to develop top experts, methods and standards in the field of public health, with the aim of raising the level of health of the population by means of scientific research and professional activity, graduate and postgraduate training and continuous education programs. The school scientifically and professionally supports the planning, development and evaluation of public health programs and policies in the governmental and non‐governmental sector. International cooperation is was deeply embedded in the Andrija Štampar School of Public Health since its founding. For years, the school has organized international programs of planning and management in health care in developing countries, and now runs international programs of education and research in their area of work. After the death of its founder dr. Andrija Štampar, the school took over his name. Štampar is one of the founders of the World Health Organization and an internationally recognized leader in the field of social medicine and public health. His principles, written back in 1926, are still valid and accepted in the international community.
The school has a special influence in the regional environment as the first and for a long time the only public health facility in the South East Europe, but also in the ASPHER network (Association of Schools of Public Health in Europe). ASPHER was founded almost half a century ago, and the school is one of the founders of this association or the Department of Public Health of the European Region of the World 26 Health Organization. The first assembly of ASPHER was held in 1968 just in the School of Public Health in Zagreb. Since 1993, ASPHER has been awarding annually the medal with the name and image of Andrija Štampar, prominent to individuals of his merit in the field of public health. The school is an active member of the European Association and in 2002 hosted the conference and the most important annual meeting ASPHER Deans & Directors’ Retreat and Assembly in 2014. At the School of Public Health there are several collaborating centers of the World Health Organization (WHO Collaborating Center). This title is awarded to the department of individual institutions in recognition of the active cooperation on programs as an additional contribution to its international recognition. Their status must be justified and confirmed every four years. These are:
- WHO Collaborating Center for Capacity Building in HIV/AIDS Surveillance – The Surveillance Center for HIV/AIDS was founded in 2003 jointly by the School of Public Health, the WHO and the German Agency for bilateral cooperation GTU (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit) ‐ The main objective of the Center was to increase the capacity to produce population and clinical studies in order to obtain quality data on the movement of the HIV epidemic, especially in areas where a high infection rate is registered. In 2008, the center was named the WHO Collaborative Center for Capacity Building for Monitoring the HIV/AIDS Epidemic, and its status was extended in 2012.
- WHO Collaborating Center for Occupational Health – The center for promotion of health at work acquired the status of a collaborative center of the World Health Organization in 2006 and this status was extended. An important organizational unit of the Andrija Štampar School of Public Health is the Department for Educational Technology.
The Department for Educational Technology was founded in 1986 on the experiences of a collaborative project of the Republic of Croatia and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) under the title “Continuous training for primary health care with the help of computer and video technology”. The Department is a specialized unit within the ZSM with the aim of developing, improving and constant monitoring of teaching technologies in the field of health and medicine. The teaching technology does not mean only the technique but also how to use the techniques, i.e. it is about educational technology that is based on the innovative approaches in education up to the evaluation of the application of new educational strategies and methods. The tasks of the Department are: (a) monitoring the development of educational technology in the world and in our country, and the transfer of technology and evaluation, (b) the implementation of continuing education and support teaching, (c) technical support of the teaching process, especially the creation of audio‐visual teaching materials, (d) the dissemination of scientific information and health education and (e) scientific research (basic, developmental and applied) in the field of education, medical decision‐making, expert systems, and educational psychology. The Department has encouraged the establishment of the Croatian Society for Medical Education, with whose aid the teacher‐training course “The Art of Medical Education” has been continuously running, as well as shorter teacher‐training which have been running since 2000.
The employees of the Andrija Štampar School of Public Health are also active in the development of healthcare system reforms in Central and South‐East Europe. One of the results of these activities is the analysis of the positive and negative experiences of numerous healthcare system reforms in that part of Europe over the last twenty years, with the goal of defining possible further research and changes. The results have been published in the “Health Reforms in South‐East Europe” in the cooperation of the School, the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies and the LSEE‐ LSE Research on South Eastern Europe, in 2012.
The Andrija Štampar School of Public Health is also a seat of a number of professional associations which contribute to the development of outpatient care and public health, and are headed by the School’s staff. These are as follows: The Society of Teachers of General/Family Medicine, the Croatian Society of Family Medicine, the Croatian Society of Balint Groups, the Croatian Society for Medical Education, the Croatian Society for Medical Informatics, the Croatian Biometric Society, the Croatian Healthy Cities Net‐ work, Say NO to Smoking, and the Andrija Štampar Association of Public Health.
Andrija Štampar Library is located in the building of the Andrija Štampar School of Public Health in Rockefellerova 4. It is open to all users, regardless of their status. The library performs the function of the library of the Croatian Institute for Public Health. The library space consists of a computer reading room with 20 computers and two student labs of which one is intended for group seminars with the possibility of using additional computers. The library is connected to the integrated system Aleph used by most university libraries of the Uni‐ versity of Zagreb. Through the system Aleph the library functions of the library take place, and the system provides access to the online library catalog. Users have the ability to use computers in the library over whose IP addresses they have secured access to all relevant databases and journals in the field of biomedicine and health, which is funded by the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports. Access to the databases is also given through the identity AAI@EduHr. The library is the Documentary Center of the World Health Organization for the Republic of Croatia, and in 1993 became their depository library. The detailed description of the library services is outlined in chapter 7i.